1st Grade National Language Arts Standards

Achieve100’s Study Cards and Practice Tests support these National Language Arts Standards for 1st Grade.

1st Grade National Language Arts Standards

1st Grade Foundational Reading Skills Standards

  • Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.
    • Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence .
  • Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds.
    • Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds including consonant blends.
    • Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds in spoken single-syllable words.
    • Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds.
  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or many of the most frequent sound for each consonant.
    • Associate the long and short sounds with common spellings for the five major vowels.
    • Read common high-frequency words by sight.
    • Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.
  • Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding.
  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.
    • Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words.
    • Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.
    • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.
    • Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.
    • Read words with inflectional endings.
    • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
  • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
    • Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
    • Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
    • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

1st Grade Reading Standards for Literature

  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.
  • Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.
  • Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.
  • With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1. 

1st Grade Reading Standards for Informational Text

  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.
  • Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.
  • Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.
  • With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1.

1st Grade Language Standards

Achieve100 supports these speaking and writing standards by helping students understand the respective words, meanings and use in literature and informational text.

  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    • Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.
    • Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences.
    • Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns.
    • Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future
    • Use frequently occurring adjectives.
    • Use frequently occurring conjunctions.
    • Use determiners.
    • Use frequently occurring prepositions.
  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • Capitalize dates and names of people.
    • Use end punctuation for sentences.
    • Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.
    • Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words.
    • Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions. 

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