2nd Grade National Language Arts Standards

Achieve100’s Study Cards and Practice Tests support these National Language Arts Standards for 2nd Grade.

2nd Grade National Language Arts Standards

2nd Grade Foundational Reading Skills Standards

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
  • Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
  • Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
  • Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.
  • Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.
  • Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.
  • Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.
  • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
  • Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
  • Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
  • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

2nd Grade Reading Standards for Literature

  • Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
  • Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
  • Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
  • Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently.

2nd Grade Reading Standards for Informational Text

  • Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
  • Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
  • Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
  • By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently.

2nd Grade Language Standards

Achieve100 supports these speaking and writing standards by helping students understand the respective words, meanings and use in literature and informational text.

  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    • Use collective nouns.
    • Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns.
    • Use reflexive pronouns.
    • Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs
    • Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
    • Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
    • Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.
    • Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words.
  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on kindergarten reading and content.
    • Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately.
    • Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.
  • With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
    • Sort common objects into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
    • Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites.
    • Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
    • Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action by acting out the meanings.
  • Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts.
  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
  • Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
  • Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word.
  • Identify frequently occurring root words and their inflectional forms.
  • With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
  • Sort words into categories to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.
  • Define words by category and by one or more key attributes.
  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner and adjectives differing in intensity by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.
  • Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships.
  • Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
  • Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
  • Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word.
  • Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root.
  • Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words.
  • Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use.
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs and closely related adjectives.
  • Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe. 

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