5th Grade National Language Arts Standards

Achieve100’s Study Cards and Practice Tests support these National Language Arts Standards for 5th Grade.

5th Grade National Language Arts Standards

5th Grade Foundational Reading Skills Standards

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
  • Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.
  • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
  • Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
  • Read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
  • Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

 5th Grade Reading Standards for Literature

  • Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.
  • Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

5th Grade Reading Standards for Informational Text

  • Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
  • Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.
  • Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.
  • Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4–5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

5th Grade Language Standards

Achieve100 supports these speaking and writing standards by helping students understand the respective words, meanings and use in literature and informational text.

  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    • Explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.
    • Form and use the perfect verb tenses.
    • Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.
    • Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.
    • Use correlative conjunctions.
  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
    • Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.
    • Use a comma to set off the words yes and no, to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence, and to indicate direct address .
    • Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
    • Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
  • Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
    • Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.
    • Compare and contrast the varieties of English used in stories, dramas, or poems.
  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
    • Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
    • Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word.
  • Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
    • Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.
    • Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
    • Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words.
    • Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships. 

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